Language Abbreviation Distinctive Letters and Combinations Articles "and" other factors examples "All human beings are born free and equal..."
English UK, EN            
Spanish E, ES el la lo los las; uno una unos unas y plural words end in s fuente, cuenta Todos los seres humanos nacen libres e iguales
Portuguese P, PT , , o o a os as; um uma uns umas e     Todos os seres humanos nascem livres e iguais
Italian I, IT gl, gn il lo la gli i le; un uno una e, ed words always end in a vowel, even plural nouns   Tutti gli esseri umani nascono liberi ed eguali
French F, FR , , words ending in le la les; un une des et no , ; infinitive verbs end in -er mang, franais Tous les tres humains naissent libres et gaux
Esperanto   ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ, ŭ; lots of j at the end of words la kaj no q, w, x, or y aĉa, ĝemi, eĥo, ĵus Chiuj homoj estas denaske liberaj kaj egalaj;
Basque   ll rr ts tx tz [none] eta   etxearen, horregatik, ereotz, batzu Gizon-emakume guztiak aske jaiotzen dira
Catalan   in the middle of words     looks a lot like spanish; nouns seldom end in vowels collectar
Polish PL ą ć ę ł ń ó ś ź ż; dz, cz, sz, rz, dź, dż [none] i no q, v, or x; w occurs often   Wszyscy ludzie rodza sie wolni i rwni
Czech CS č ě ň ř ; á é í ó ú ý ů; ď ť [none] a no l' ď ŕ   Vichni lid rod se svobodn a sobe rovn
Slovak   č ň š dz d ch ĺ l' ď ť ŕ ó ú ý ô [none] a no ě ř í ů   Vetci ludia sa rodia slobodn a sebe rovn
Croatian HR č š ć Đ/đ d lj nj [none] i     Sva ljudska bica radaju se slobodna i jednaka
Slovene   č š [none] in no ć; words often begin with v + other consonants vse, vklop Vsi ljudje se rodijo svobodni in imajo enako
Serbian   usually uses cyrillic          
Bulgarian BG uses cyrillic          
Russian   uses cyrillic; ь ы все для        
Ukrainian   only cyrillic language with щ ґ, є, ї        
German DE nouns are capitalized der, die, das, ein, eine und no oo and uu.   Alle Menschen sind frei und gleich
Dutch NL aa, ee, oo and uu de, het, 't, een, eene, 'n en     Alle mensen worden vrij en gelijk
Swedish S, SE , , and den, det, de, en, ett och no double vowels; only scandinavian language to use and ; does not use au or ei; quotation marks both start and end with lgsltt, p, s Alla mnniskor r fdda fria och lika
Norwegian N, NO , au, ei, , , g, y den, det, dei, ein, ei, eit og no , s, fr, , gjre, vre, bygge Alle mennesker er fdt frie og med
Danish DK , , hv den, det, de(di)en, et og no , , no au, ei, y vrdighed, amvittighed, bd, hvis, hvad Alle mennesker er fdt frie og lige
Icelandic IS /, /, , , , , , , , hinn, hin, hi, hinir, hinar og no ; longer words than other Scandinavian languages   Hver maður er borinn frjáls og jafn
Faroese FO /, , , , , , , , ,   og     Øll menniskju eru fødd fræls og jøvn
Finnish FI , , aa, ee, ii, kk, oo, pp, tt, uu, , , yy ya   does not use , ; words are often long toisiaan, itn, niin Kaikki ihmiset syntyvt vapaina ja tasavertaisina
Estonian EE aa, ee, ii, oo, uu, , , , õ ya   no yy; slightly shorter words than Finnish   Kik inimesed snnivad vabadena ja vrdsetena
Hungarian H, HU ly, gy, zs, sz, meg, cs, ő, ű a, az, egy s no ch   Minden ember lny szabadon szletik s egyenlo
Turkish TR i with no dot, g, s, bir      
Maltese   h g c gh        
Gaelic     an, am, an t-, a', na, na h-      
Welsh CY dd, ll, ff, ng, wy, y at beginnings of words, y, yr a, ac   ymddwyn, ysbryd Genir pawb yn rhydd ac yn gydradd
Yiddish     der, di, die, dos, a, an, eyn, eyne      
Albanian SQ gj shq ng t n   dhe     T gjith njerzit lindin t lir dhe t barabart
Arabic         never has three dots below the line  
Farsi         some letters have three dots below the line  
Urdu         some letters have three dots below the line; has a "b"-shaped mark above letters occasionally, unlike Farsi or Arabic  
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Filipino            
Hausa            
Irish            
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Quechua            
Romanian            
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